Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or information to create and maintain an awareness of your organization. This can also include monitoring through various surveillance techniques, such as closed-circuit television (CCTV), or interception of electronically transmitted information, such as internet traffic. It can include technical methods like human intelligence gathering and postal interception, and more.
Surveillance is used in intelligence gathering, crime prevention and protective measures, the investigation of crime, and to promote a process, person, group, and object. It is also used by criminals and businesses to plan and commit crimes, and for business information gathering purposes.
Surveillance can be used by governments to unjustifiably violate people’s privacy and is often criticized by civil liberties advocates. Liberal democracies may have laws that seek to restrict governmental and private use of surveillance, whereas authoritarian governments seldom have any domestic restrictions. International espionage is documented behavior that’s found in all countries of the world.
Corporations use surveillance to determine how people are behaving and act. The data collected is used for purposes such as marketing, selling, or sharing data with government agencies. Market intelligence improves a company’s ability to tailor its products and or services to the wants and needs of their customers. Although there is a common belief that monitoring can increase productivity, it can also lead to consequences such as increasing chances of deviant behavior and unjustified punishments. Monitoring can cause resistance and backlash in the workplace if it is perceived as harassment or unfair treatment.
Camera Surveillance Security
There are cameras used for the purpose of recording surveillance. Boxes can be equipped with cameras and a microphone, and monitored by a security guard or law enforcement official. Cameras and recording equipment have become relatively inexpensive and do not require people to monitor camera footage anymore. Instead, they are monitored by automated software that organizes digital video footage into a searchable database and by video analysis software (such as VIRAT and HumanID).
The amount of footage that is captured by the motion detectors on CCTV cameras is reduced by the number of motion sensors installed. Less cost-effective production techniques have made surveillance cameras easy to replicate and use for everyday surveillance.
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